Minor Prophets

Micah 6:8 (NASB)

He has told you, O man, what is good;
And what does the Lord require of you
But to do justice, to love kindness,
And to walk humbly with your God?

Hosea was the first (in time) of the minor prophets. His name in Hebrew corresponds to Joseph in English. His Hebrew name is a derivative of Jehoshua (Joshua) which means deliverance or salvation. Hosea was a young preacher who had a long ministry in the northern kingdom of Israel (785 B.C. to 725 B.C.).

Joel (Y-el) is a name which means “YHWH is God.” We know nothing about Joel’s background other than the name of his father is Pethuel which means “vision of God” (Joel 1:1). The date is not specified within the book.

 

Background

The date in which Amos prophesied is given in the opening verse of the book:

“The words of Amos, who was among the sheepbreeders of Tekoa, which he saw concerning Israel in the days of Uzziah king of Judah, and in the days of Jeroboam the son of Joash, king of Israel, two years before the earthquake” (Amos 1:1).

Background

Just as in our day when one’s name can be the name of someone else (“Wade Burleson” as an example), so too Obadiah, meaning “The servant of the LORD (YHWH)”, was a very common name in the Bible.

Background

The book of Jonah is different from the other minor prophetical books because it is about the life of the prophet instead of a series of prophecies or visions from the prophet. The one thing similar to the other eleven minor prophets is the opening line of the book - “And the word of the Lord came to Jonah, son of Amittai, saying ...” (Jonah 1:1). The difference is Jonah ran from God and refused to fulfill his calling.

The prophet Micah was from a place called Moresheth Gath, near the border of Philistia and Judah about 25 miles southwest of Jerusalem. A farmer, Micah lived outside the governmental centers of power in his nation, leading to his strong concern for the lowly and less fortunate of society — the lame, the outcasts, and the afflicted (Micah 4:6). Therefore, Micah directed much of his prophecy toward the powerful leaders of Samaria and Jerusalem, the capital cities of Israel and Judah, respectively (1:1).

“The LORD is good, a strong hold in the day of trouble; and He knows them that trust Him” (Nahum 1:7).

We know little of Habakkuk beyond the two mentions of his name in this book of prophecy.

Only Zephaniah of the 12 minor prophets traces his genealogy.

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